The Rise and Fall of the Hittites in Ancient Anatolia

The Rise and Fall of the Hittites in Ancient Anatolia

The Hittites were an Indo-European culture that occupied the region of Ancient Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor and today is the region of Turkey. The Hittites expanded their territories from their capital at Hattusa, and ended up consolidating the Hittite Empire which both rivalled and threatened the nation of Egypt.

The Hittites were in control of the Anatolian region in two periods which have been divided by modern scholars as the Old Kingdom between 1700 and 1500 BCE, and the New Kingdom which is also known as the Hittite Empire between 1400 and 1200 BCE. The one-hundred-year gap between the two periods is due to our lack of evidence or sources from the period, which some consider a dark age, and some call the Middle Kingdom, but there was no discontinuity between the Old and the New Kingdoms of the Hittites.

Between c. 1344 and 1322 BCE, during the reign of King Suppiluliuma I, the Hittites reached their peak, but after the death of his son Mursilli II in 1295 BCE, the Hittites decline and finally fell to the Assyrians after being repeatedly attacked by the Sea Peoples and the Kaska tribe.



0:00​ Introduction
1:20 Who are the Hittites?
3:19 Discovery of the Hittites
4:17 The Old Hittite Kingdom
7:17 The Hittite Empire
10:21 Decline and Fall of the Hittites
12:21 Outro

The Hittites
Five Key Historical Sites of the Hittites
Bronze Age Collapse
Suppiluliuma I
The Battle of Kadesh–the-first-peace-treaty/
The Hatti

The Battle of Kadesh: Ancient Egypt vs. The Hittites

Ramesses the Great, his Long Life and Rule of Ancient Egypt

A Short History of Assyria and the Neo-Assyrian Empire

The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator’s permission. Michael Levy’s music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Relief orthostat (stone slab at base of wall) of a Hittite war chariot, a naked enemy with an arrow in his hip is lying face down under the horse's feet, from Carchemish (Turkey), Basalt; Late Hittite period, 9-7th cent BC, Museum of Anatolian Civilizatio
Carole Raddato
CC BY SA 2.0 –

The Lion Gate flanked by two towers, located at the southwest of the city, the lions were put at the entrance of the city to ward off evil, Hattusa, capital of the Hittite Empire
Carole Raddato
CC BY SA 2.0 –

World History Encyclopedia

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