Alalakh is an ancient archaeological site approximately 20 kilometres northeast of Antakya in what is now Turkey’s Hatay Province. It flourished, as an urban settlement, in the Middle and Late Bronze Age, c. 2000-1200 BC. The city contained palaces, temples, private houses and fortifications. The remains of Alalakh have formed an extensive mound covering around 22 hectares. Late Bronze Age, Alalakh was the capital of the local kingdom of Mukiš

The first palace was built around 2000 BC, and likely destroyed in the 12th century BC. The site was thought to have never been reoccupied after that, but archaeologist Timothy Harrison showed, in a (2022) lecture’s graphic, it was inhabited also in Amuq Phases N-O, Iron Age, c. 1200-600 BC